Biological and biochemical characterization of pollen, based on analyzes made for nutrition, dietetic and therapeutic specialists, has studied pollen harvested by bees as a valuable natural resource, assigning its complex role to “functional food.” Pollen contains a large amount of vitamins, coenzymes and even hormones, as well as all essential amino acids, partially essential and nonessential.
Because of this, pollen is considered a “super food”. Bee pollen is considered one of the healthiest nutrients nature can provide.
It has been used for thousands of years as a nutritional, medicinal, refreshing supplement, indicated to maintain youthfulness and vitality, to stimulate the body to fight disease and to provide a general wellbeing.
The therapeutic and nutritional value of pollen is evident in all types of nutritional deficiencies where it is necessary to use products whose concentration in active principles is superior to honey.
Pollen has a complex chemical composition, predominantly protein, reductive and non-reducing sugars, simple and complex lipids, vitamins, enzymes, mineral substances, bactericidal and bacteriostatic principles, hormonal substances, phytohormones, carotenoid and flavonoid pigments. It is especially rich in B complex vitamins (B1, B2, B3, B6, B12), antioxidants, including beta carotene, vitamin C and vitamin E, folic acid, provitamin A.
Pollen also contains minerals like: phosphorus, calcium, potassium, iron, magnesium, iodine. Pollen is composed of about 55% carbohydrates, 35% protein, 3% vitamins and minerals, 2% fatty acids and 5% other nutrients.
Pollen administration during the second half of the pregnancy, combats fatigue, lowers nitrate retention, reduces edema and frequency of toxemia and increases the quality of breast milk. Also in the active principles of pollen, estrogenic substances have been found to have beneficial effects on women with excess foliculin, preventing or even helping to treat conditions that can result from the surplus of estrogenic hormones (mammary tumors, uterine fibroids, breast fibrosis).
Research on bee pollen indicates its use in:
- Sexual dysfunction: impotence, frigidity
- In neuropsychiatric disorders (asthenia, overuse, stress, migraines, insomnia)
- Digestion – regulates intestinal transit, especially in cases of chronic constipation or diarrhea, stimulates fat burning and helps control weight
- Functioning of the immune system and stimulating detoxification of the body
- Improving systemic blood circulation
- Ameliorating asthma
- Increasing exercise capacity and improving athletes performance
- Reducing cholesterol levels
- Reducing the side effects of chemotherapy
- Improving potency and increasing libido
Other features of pollen: aphrodisiac, biological anabolic, antibacterial, antidepressant, ant i- inflammatory, antiparasitic, antipyretic, antitoxic, biostimulatory, dietetic, antianemic, diminishes bleeding, lowers cholesterol, euphoria, improves cerebral, gastric, large intestine, liver, sexual, thyroid functions, intervenes in the process of growth, in the process of birth, improves the structure of the skin, rejuvenates the mind, brain and emotional life, strengthens blood capillaries, heart, immune system.
It’s a general tonic. General indications, affections: dystrophy, anorexia, allergic rhinitis, liver disease, gastro-duodenal ulcer, sexual dysfunction, prostatitis, hyperlipidemia, anemia, angina pectoris, heart failure, peripheral circulation disorders, phlebitis, varicose ulcer, varicose veins, schizophrenia, oligophrenia, in sports medicine as a stimulant of exercise, adjuvant in neoplasia.